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Vietnam Travel Guide

GEOGRAPHY

Hanoi is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of Northern Vietnam. It is encompassed by Thai Nguyen, Vinh Phuc province to the North, Hoa Binh and Ha Nam to the South, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen province to the East, Hoa Binh and Phu Tho province to the West.

HISTORY

Hanoi has always been a sacred land, with strategic position in terms of politics, culture, economic for the whole country. 23rd centuries ago, Co Loa (belonging to Dong Anh district) was chosen as the capital of Au Lac Nation of Thuc Phan - An Duong Vuong (King Thuc Phan). 1000 years later, Hanoi became the key point of movements fighting against the northern invader to gain independence for the country.

In the autumn of Canh Tuat lunar year (1010), Ly Thai To, the first ruler of the Ly's dynasty, moved the capital of Dai Viet from Hoa Lu to Dai La citadel. While his boat arrived at Nhi Ha river (now is Red river), he saw a dragon ascending. Thinking that this was a good signing, thus he decided to rename the capital as Thang Long (ascending dragon), and Hoa Lu ancient capital was renamed as Truong Yen temple (now in Ninh Binh province). The year 1010 then became a historical time not only for Hanoi but it is also a unforgettable moment in the history of Vietnamese peoples. Through Ly, Tran, Le dynasties, Hanoi had become a powerful capital with hundreds of magnificent palaces and pagodas.

SPECIAL CULTURAL VALUES
The history of thousand years of culture has created a scared Hanoi, which is the biggest cultural center in Vietnam and has collected all the essence, unique features and diversification of Vietnamese culture. The city is preserving more than 4000 historical and cultural relics, architecture and beauty spots, in which nearly 900 relics have been nationally ranked with hundreds of pagodas, temples, architectural works and sceneries. Handcraft streets and traditional handcraft villages remain prominent and attractive to tourists when visiting Hanoi.
Hanoi is also famous for its unique and profound art and literature. Oral folklore, writings in Sino, Nom or Vietnamese script, legends, folk tales, folk songs and proverbs bear typical characteristics of elegant and quintessential Hanoian.
Hanoi still maintains traditional folk art performance of natural identity such as Cheo, Tuong, Cai Luong, etc. In the past, there were several troupes of Cheo, Tuong going on performance tours to various streets, villages, hamlets, temple's yard, river banks. Originally they performed old plays and later on the reformed ones. So far many special Cheo stories and Tuong tales are still performed in the love of Hanoians and tourists. Cai Luong which originated in the South and was present in Hanoi in 1920 has become more and more popular. In approximately 1935, the very first Cai Luong theater were born and developed strongly so far. Another prominent art of Hanoi is water-puppet performance which represents creativeness, skillfulness and sensitiveness of the capital's culture.
In addition, there are many museums, cinemas and theaters, publishers, newspapers, magazines and libraries.

FACT AT GLANCE

Imagine a city where the exotic chic of old Asia blends with the dynamic face of new Asia. Where the medieval and modern co-exist. A city with a blend of Parisian grace and Asian pace, an architectural museum piece evolving in harmony with its history, rather than bulldozing through like many of the region's capitals. Hanoi is where imagination becomes reality.

A mass of motorbikes swarms through the tangled web of streets that is the Old Quarter, a cauldron of commerce for almost 1000 years and still the best place to check the pulse of this resurgent city. Hawkers in conical hats ply their wares, locals sip coffee and bia hoi (beer) watching life (and plenty of tourists) pass them by. Witness synchronised t'ai chi at dawn on the shores of Hoan Kiem Lake while goateed grandfathers tug at their wisps over the next chess move. See the bold and beautiful dine at designer restaurants and cut the latest moves on the dance floor. Hanoi has it all: the ancient history, a colonial legacy and a modern outlook. There is no better place to untangle the paradox that is modern Vietnam.

The grand old dame of Asia, Hanoi lay in a deep slumber after Vietnam's partition in 1954 until the effects of economic reforms kicked in four decades later. The city survived American bombs and Russian planners to emerge relatively unscathed in the early 1990s as an example of a French-conceived colonial city. Huge mansions line grand boulevards, and lakes and parks dot the city, providing a romantic backdrop to the nonstop soundtrack. There are still moments of Paris, as the smell of baguettes and café au lait permeates street corners.

Known by many names down the centuries, Thanh Long (City of the Soaring Dragon) is the most evocative, and let there be no doubt that this dragon is on the up once more.

WEATHER

Hanoi experiences the typical climate of northern Vietnam, where summers are hot and humid, and winters are relatively cool and dry. The summer months from May to September receive the majority of rainfall in the year (1,682 mm rainfall/ year). The winter months from November to March are relatively dry, although spring then often brings light rains. The minimum winter temperature in Hanoi can dip as low as 6-7°C (43°F) not including the wind chill, while summer can get as hot as 38-40°C (100-104°F).

Hanoi experiences the typical climate of northern Vietnam, where summers are hot and humid, and winters are relatively cool and dry. The summer months from May to September receive the majority of rainfall in the year (1,682 mm rainfall/ year). The winter months from November to March are relatively dry, although spring then often brings light rains. The minimum winter temperature in Hanoi can dip as low as 6-7°C (43°F) not including the wind chill, while summer can get as hot as 38-40°C (100-104°F).

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Giấy chứng nhận đăng ký kinh doanh số: 0104731205 do Sở kế hoạch và đầu tư TP Hà Nội cấp ngày 03/06/2010
Giấy phép lữ hành Quốc Tế số: 01-687/2014/TCDL-GP LHQT

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